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Q Fever: Causes, Symptoms and Cure

by Content Factors

q fever: causes, symptoms and cure
 Image used for representational purpose only

This type of fever is usually transmitted through animals. The Coxiella Burnetii bacterium is responsible for this condition which generally has symptoms of flu. While it does not cause serious harm in most cases, it can affect the liver, lungs, brain and heart in extreme cases. You need to be careful while handling cattle, sheep and goats as the bacterium can get passed through their fecal material. Apart from humans, the infection can also affect other pets like dogs and cats. The infection usually spreads through fecal matter of animals and the dried dung can become airborne and infect other people. It can be prevented by taking vaccines and this is beneficial when you are working or staying close to agricultural farms. Treatment for the condition is also readily available and it can be controlled by using antibiotics.

Symptoms of Q Fever

The symptoms may show up even after few weeks after getting infected. Some of the common symptoms include

  • High fever coupled with cough and chest pain
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Change in color of stools
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle pain which is predominant in the abdominal region
  • Difficulty in breathing

Causes of Q Fever

  • Coxiella Burnetii bacterium found in animals like cattle, sheep and goats causes this condition.
  • The bacterium gets transmitted to humans through feces, urine, and milk of the animals.
  • In some cases, the dried waste materials that are contaminated with this bacteria becomes airborne and spreads the infection among humans.
  • Even unpasteurized milk can cause infection in some cases.

Diagnosis of Q Fever

  • Blood antibody test is the most common method used to diagnose this type of fever. However, you may get a negative result in the initial stages even though you are infected with this disease.
  • An X ray test may be done to determine the infection in some cases.

Treatment for Q Fever

  • When the infection is very mild, treatment may not be needed as the condition usually resolves within few weeks.
  • In cases of severe infection, antibiotics like doxycycline may be used to treat the fever.
  • In most cases, using the medication for a few days or weeks will be more than enough to get complete relief from the symptoms. However, in extreme cases, treatment may be continued for many months.

Complications of Q Fever

  • The biggest complication of this condition is that it can relapse after many months or even years. For this reason, you need to be very careful if you are suffering from any blood vessel related problems or have a weak immune system.
  • In extreme cases, this condition can affect the lungs, brain, liver and heart.
  • You should be extremely careful about this condition during pregnancy as this can lead to miscarriage or affect the overall health of the baby.

 Disclaimer: Welthi.com does not guarantee any specific results as a result of the procedures mentioned here, and the results may vary from person to person. Read more
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