by MarshaneilSoumi D’ Rozario | 15th July, 2019
New research shows that people who work long hours are susceptible to the risk of stroke. The longer you work, the higher your risk for a stroke, according to French researchers. The findings come from a review of self-reported work habits and heart health among roughly 144,000 French men and women between the ages of 18 and 69. Those who worked long hours had a 29% greater risk of stroke, and those who worked long hours for at least 10 years had a 45% greater risk of stroke, the analysis found.
Dr. Suresh Rao, KG, Head of Department, Critical Care & Cardiac Anesthesia, Fortis Malar Hospital,shares talks about the contributing factors and ways to counteract the problem.
1. Can you provide general statistics on the rise of stroke in India?
Incidence of stroke in India is about 105 to 152/100000 per year, with a prevalence of about 550/100000 people. It has increased over 100% over the last 20 years, possibly due to better reporting.
2. How is the duration of work related to heart conditions?
The evidence that long working hours is a risk factor for all cardiovascular diseases is increasing. Working hours vary all over the world, with China and South Korea having the highest working hours of about 70 hours a week. Studies show a definite risk of cardiac disease with such hours.
3. How long is too long at work? What are healthy working hours?
Healthy working hoursare about 40hours a week. Most people around the world will work about 50 a week.
4. Which age group is more vulnerable to stroke?
Stroke risk increases with age. Highest is above the age of 65. It is related to atherosclerotic changes in the blood vessels.
5. What factors lead to greater cardiovascular risks?
Smoking, high cholesterol, low physical activity, obesity, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes and stress in life are the 7 major modifiable risk factors for CV strokes.
6. How can one maintain good heart health in spite of long hours of work?
Control diet. Avoid excessive sugars, fatty foods, etc. Take adequate breaks at work. Maintain physical activity levels at work (standing more and sitting less). Use the staircase instead of the lift. Manage stress at work well. Yoga will help in relieving stress. Brisk Walking is the best physical activity we can have. Spending quality time with family and friends will help in relieving stress to some extent. With these measures, we reduce the risk of Cardiovascular Disease.
7. What is your takeaway message for our readers?
“A balanced diet of fruit and vegetables, 7 to 8hours of sleep, regular physical exercise, and a periodic break from work will enable you to lead a healthy life”.
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