by Praanav Dasarathi
Dr Narsaraju is a Consultant interventional cardiologist and director of cardiology at Maxcure hospital. The renowned cardiologist explains the causes, mortality rate and suggestions to reduce the heart failure.
1. What is Heart failure?
A. Heart failure commonly known as congestive heart failure (CHF) is a life-threatening condition, which affected about 26 million people in India. It is a chronic condition, which occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow.
2. What are its Symptoms?
A. People may experience:
Pain in the chest
Faster heart rate
Cough can be dry or with phlegm
Shortness of breath, difficulty
Excessive urination at night
Giddiness or Fatigue
Other common symptoms: Sleepiness, swollen legs, swollen hands, or weight gain Also if the chest pain is sudden and persistent for about five minutes or so it is a clear indication of heart attack.
3. What are the causes?
High blood pressure
Abnormal heart rhythm
Exertion due of work
4. Why are Indian patients suffering from heart failure at an early stage?
Due to sedentary life style
Survey from low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) propose that death rate in patients with heart failure in these nations is more noteworthy than that in high pay nations.
The marked variation in mortality in low-income countries like India could be owing to low awareness, economic burden, healthcare infrastructure, quality and access to primary healthcare facilities, environmental and genetic factors.
5. What are the risk factors for heart failure?
A. Your risk of heart failure is high if you have certain risk factors. A risk factor is anything that shoots up the chance of causing heart failure. Risk factors may include
High cholesterol level
Family history of heart disease
6. When to call a doctor?
A. If you find any symptoms of sudden heart failure such as:
Severe shortness of breath even at rest
Sudden irregular heart beat
Getting a rapid heartbeat along with dizziness, nausea, or fainting.
Foamy pink mucus with cough and gasped breathing
Symptoms of a heart attack, such as:
Chest pain or pressure, or an comfortable feeling in the chest.
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