by Marshaneil Soumi D’ Rozario | 2 JULY 2018
Monsoon is much awaited in India as it provides relief from the blazing summer heat. Along with the relief, however, comes the moist and damp climate; an ideal breeding ground for germs and bacteria which lead to water borne diseases, most of which are contagious. It is important to observe some basic precautions to avoid catching these diseases. Dr Talacheru Srinivasulu, MD, Consultant General Physician and Diabetologist at Gleneagles Global Hospitals, shares his opinion on a few diseases and their possible preventions.
Malaria and Dengue
Stagnant pools of water allow for mosquitoes to breed rapidly, including Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes, which leads to alarming increase in people suffering from Malaria and Dengue. Symptoms include recurring fever, high temperature, headache, and swollen joints.
Precautions: As these diseases are caused by mosquitoes, it is easiest to use repellent and nets. Keeping your surroundings clean and dry and preventing water stagnation reduces chances for mosquitoes to breed.
Persistent humidity and warm weather are the perfect conditions for viral fever, which is an airborne disease, with sneezing, sore throat and high temperature as its symptoms.
Precautions: It can be prevented by remaining dry, and having anyone with a cold covering their mouth while sneezing. If a glass of warm milk and turmeric and gargling does not help reduce the fever, consulting a doctor is the best option. Dr. Srinivasulu says, “Always protect yourself and your children by taking the basic precautions. Do not ignore any kind of rashes or infections. In addition, do not self-medicate if unwell; consult a physician if suffered from fever for more than three days.”
Stomach infections are very unpleasant and can be extremely dangerous for children, and can be caused by both bacteria and viruses. Symptoms include persistent motions and vomiting. In case of occurrence, hydrating the patient constantly and seeking immediate medical attention is the best solution.
Precautions: According to Dr. Srinivasulu, preventions include, “[To] wash hands with soap regularly, do not eat outside food, wash and clean fruits and vegetables before eating, always heat food and eat, drink filtered or boiled water.” If children come into contact with any animals, make sure to have them wash up with soap or sanitiser.
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