by Suhani Dewra | 18th April, 2019
Summer is here, andDr. Rajesh from Star Hospitals helps us understand the precautions we must take to stay healthy during the scorching summer heat that is only going to get more intense in the coming days.
1. What are the problems that summer brings with it, especially for those who are out in the sun for long hours?
Due to excess heat during the summer, there is a lot of sweating which leads to evaporating of sodium content from the body. Loss of sodium leads to electrolyte imbalance which eventually affects the kidneys. Therefore, to avoid the loss of sodium, one must replenish the lost water. One could do this by drinking about two and a half glasses of water every two to three hours, which will prevent heat stroke or other heat illnesses. You could also add a pinch of salt to your water or buttermilk.
2. What are the dangers we face from drinking water?
Water could be contaminated, and that is why you must ensure that your drinking water source is hygienic. Only drink bottled water or RO/Aquaguard/filtered water, or you could lay yourself open to water borne diseases. Also, when one is consuming other fluids, tetra pack is recommended as there are fewer chances for it to be adulterated.
3. In the case of people who don’t sweat, would they need to drink as much water as those who do sweat?
Such people need to stay hydrated even more frequently. Sweating is a natural defence mechanism of the body that turns on when a lot of heat gets generated in the body. So, those who don't sweat have all the heat within them, which could lead to a severe form of dehydration, organ failure or neurological damage, which is termed as heat stroke.
4.How do we know that one is suffering from dehydration?
Dry mouth, darker color of urine or not sweating (in those who normally sweat) are some of the indications that one is dehydrated.
5.What immediate measures should we take?
Immediately sponge the entire body with a wet toweldipped in ice cold water, to bring down the temperature. Simultaneously urge the person to drink water or any other cooling liquid like fruit juice.
6.What are the essentials to carry with us during Summer?
A hat,umbrella,bottled water andsunscreen. Also dress in light colouredcotton clothes.
7. What should we avoid in order to stay healthy during the Summer?
Avoid wearing heavy clothes and also don't allow hot air to blow directly into your face.
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