by The Welthi Bureau | 28 OCT 17
Stroke has always been a much feared medical emergency, says Dr Muralidhar Reddy Consultant Neurologist Care Hospitals
Someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds, and someone dies of a stroke every four minutes.Not all strokes are preventable, so it is very important to recognize the early 6 signs of stroke and get treatment rapidly. Stroke damages brain tissue, but that loss can be minimized by getting quickly to an emergency room that can connect to a rapid response stroke center.
WARNING SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Everyone should learn the following warning signs of stroke. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately get to the hospital fast. Brain cells are dying.
Weakness in an arm, hand, or leg
Numbness on one side of the body
Sudden dimness or loss of vision, particularly in one eye
Sudden difficulty speaking
Inability to understand what someone is saying
Dizziness or loss of balance
Sudden, lasting, excruciating headache.
Warning signs can begin anywhere from a few minutes to days before a stroke. Everyone should learn these warning signs and know what to do if they occur. If the answer to any of the Questions below is yes, there’s a high probability that the person is having a stroke.
FACE: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
SPEECH: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Are the worlds slurred? Does he or she fail to repeat the sentence correctly?
You should be taken to a hospital emergency room, preferably one that specializes in treating stroke as it occurs (Called acute stroke), If you know you are at risk for stroke, find out ahead of time the name and location of the nearest hospital that specializes in treating acute stroke. The goal of treatment is to restore blood circulation before brain tissue dies. The time frame for reaching this goal is frighteningly slim. To prevent brain cell death that is significant enough to cause disability, treatment is most effective if it starts within 60 minutes of the onset of symptoms.
One of the main clot-dissolving drugs, recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) must be given within three hours of the start of stroke symptoms, but earlier is better.
Managing Brain Stroke
Brain stroke is one of the most devastating diseases today accenting the mankind. It occurs because of changes in blood flow to the brain. Even though 50% of stroke patients become completely normal over few months. Vast months of patient will be having morbidity and forced to withdraw from their jobs thereby asserting the whole family.
This intern increases the stress levels in the patient as well as family members and further affects their life. As brain stroke is occurring like an endemic disease became of increased life expectancy sedentary lifestyle and change in dietary habits lot of effort has to be put in prevents the brain stroke by educating public about importance of exercise, risks of smoking, alcoholism. B.P. controlling, cholesterol and adapting good dietary habits.
Patients who are affected by stroke needs regular physiotherapy for early recovery apart from medicines.
They need good psychological support and proper counseling about the disease. Importance of physiotherapy importance of good control of hypertension diabetes and proper dietary advice. So, a multi disciplinary approach to brain stroke treatment is the need of hour. Unfortunately in our country these patients are managed piecemeal and lest to the care givers which is not correct. Ideally in every visit to a hospital these patients need to be seen by Neuro physician. General Physician, Physiotherapist, Dietician and Psychologist.
But unfortunately very few hospitals run stroke clinics and there also only medicines are prescribed and other aspects of stroke management are neglected. This happens because of lack of manpower, high volume of patients and lack of availability of specialist doctors.
Time has come where we are supposed to change our attitude towards stroke patients and provide them the much needed comprehensive care there by adding more to their lives. This includes setting up comprehensive stroke clinics. Where these patients are seen by super specialists. Board Specialists. Physiotherapist, Psychologist and Dieticians.
This helps patients avoid waiting long hour at various outpatient chambers and also significantly reduces the cost of outpatient visits. Patients and their care givers need to be educated about the disease. Once the patient attendants are educated, the same information percolates rapidly in to the society.
For Appointments : Dr Muralidhar Reddy Consultant Neurologist Care Hospitals
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