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Alarming rise in child obesity in India, has serious repercussions for future, caution Medical Specialists

by The Welthi Bureau, March 4th 2021

alarming rise in child obesity in india, has serious repercussions for future, caution medical specialists
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insulin through medication, but the best option is to reduce weight and thereby reduce the demand for insulin.  he added.

 

The classes of BMI reported by the WHO are 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 for normal, 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 for overweight and >30 kg/m2 for obesity. However, these parameters are much more stringent for Indians, with values being 18 to 22.9 for normal, 23 to 25 for overweight and more than 25 for obesity. For the same BMI, Indians are at a higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The risk of CAD in Indians is 3-4 times higher than White Americans, 6-times higher than Chinese, 20-times higher than Japanese. Indians are prone as a community to CAD at a much younger age, 5-10 years earlier than other communities. Indians also show higher incidence of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality than other ethnic groups.

 

Dr Surender Ugale said, obesity is the mother of multiple ailments, fatty liver is a huge issue in the society currently as it leads to liver cirrhosis, heart problems, sleeplessness, heart problems, knee problems, kidney failure, cancers which are strongly linked to obesity. There are surgeries to reduce weight and they are successful, bariatric surgeries are safe and effective options but need to judiciously select depending on the patient and his need. Surgery is one part, but what the patient does after a successful operation is the second part. If someone is obese, he needs to lose weight through natural methods, intermittent fasting and doing exercise is good to get rid of fat from the body and liver. If one can't reduce through natural ways, living with obesity is dangerous and surgical options have to be looked for. The problem of child obesity is grave, if they are obese at a young age, they also fall victim to diabetes at a young age. As a surgeon, earlier we used to see a Type 2 diabetes case after 30 years of age, now we are seeing children as young as 12 years coming to us with Type 2 diabetes because of obesity, they already have other endocrinology issues, joint issues, they are already exposed to heart disease, with cholesterol, triglycerides, girls developing risk of infertility. Obesity also leads to psychological problems, depression at a young age.      

 

There are a whole variety of options in foods for combating obesity, whole fruits without discarding the fiber in fruit juices; vegetables, not starches like potatoes; whole grains and millets, nuts, white meat like fish, poultry for proteins; using plant oils on rotation like groundnut, mustard oil, til, flower oils. Eat home food, chew properly and drink water and other beverages which are calorie free, this should be coupled with physical activity for about 45 minutes daily, says Aparna Nemalikanti. The foods which cause obesity and need to be avoided are simple sugars like squashes, readymade juice packs, daily meat consumption without vegetables in the plate, refined cereals like maida and related products like noodles, pasta, bread, biscuits etc; mutton, beef, pork and other red meat; animal fat like cheese, butter, margarine, mayonnaise ghee, etc., and outside foods which carry plenty of trans fats. Also avoid sedentary and stress filled like style, she adds.

 

Dr Saratchandra advises that the most important step towards improving one's health is to bring the Body Mass Index to 22 or less. Understanding that the closer to normal the BMI is, the better sugar control in diabetics, the lesser the chances of future cardiovascular disorders and most importantly the better chance for longevity and quality of life overall.


 Disclaimer: Welthi.com does not guarantee any specific results as a result of the procedures mentioned here, and the results may vary from person to person. Read more
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