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Air Pollution and its Impact on Heart

by Marshaneil Soumi D’ Rozario|18th December, 2019

air pollution and its impact on heart
 Image used for representational purpose only

Do you know that air pollution can give a tough time to your ticker? Yes, you have heard it right! It can raise your risk of cardiovascular disease. Thus, reducing exposure to air pollution can be beneficial for your cardiovascular health. Air pollution and its effect have become a growing matter of concern for all. You will be shocked to know that air pollution can not only invite respiratory infections or lung cancer but it can be harmful to your heart a well. According to a recent World Health Organization report, more than twenty percent of all cardiovascular disease deaths are caused by air pollution that’s more than three million deaths every year and these numbers will continue to rise unless we, as a global community, take action.Dr. Bipeen Chandra Bhamre, Cardio-Thoracic Surgeon, Sir H N Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai shares important facts on this growing problem.

 

Air pollution can be termed as the mixture of solid particles and gases which are present in the air that can give rise to breathing problems. Moreover, air pollution can arise from several sources like cars, industries, wood-burning, cooking, smoking, and dust. It can take a toll on your heart. Air Pollution increases the risk of CVD largely through tiny particles with various composition of noxious substances that cross the alveolar barrier and either destroys endothelial cells directly or act through endocrine disruption causing either acute coronary syndrome, coronary artery disease, and their risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. In India, for example, most urban the location has a poor air quality index with PM .5 levels well above the recommended limits.

 

How does air pollution impacts the heart?

 

Airborne pollutants can lead to arrhythmia, stroke, heart attack, and heart failure too. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 25% of all heart deaths are attributed to air pollution, and 2.4 million deaths owing to heart disease occur every year.

 

Constant exposure to the pollutants may damage the inside walls of your blood vessels due to which they may become narrow or hard. Likewise, it can restrict the movement of your blood vessels and increase your blood pressure by putting a strain on your heart. It can lead to the clotting of blood and cause small changes to the structure of the heart. Not only this, but it also affects the normal electrical functioning of the heart which could result in abnormal heart rhythms. Moreover, this damage can also put people with existing heart conditions at the risk of a heart attack or stroke.  Those dangerous air pollutants can cause cardiovascular diseases like artery blockages and death of heart tissue owing to the deprivation of oxygen leading to permanent damage of the heart.

 

Keep air pollution at bay

 

If you have any existing heart conditions then visit your doctor who will tell you how to safeguard yourself from the air pollution. You should avoid going to the areas there is air pollution like near busy roads, industries, and factories. Also, avoid exercising outdoors if you suffer from any heart condition as it can be bad for your heart. You can opt for an indoor workout with the help of an expert. 

 

Book Appointment: Dr. Bipeen Chandra Bhamre, Cardio-Thoracic Surgeon, Sir H N Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai


 Disclaimer: Welthi.com does not guarantee any specific results as a result of the procedures mentioned here, and the results may vary from person to person. Read more
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