by The Welthi Bureau | 21ST Nov, 2018
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the lungs causing obstructed airflow from the lungs. It was previously known as “Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema”, but these terms are no longer used. Most common symptoms are a chronic cough, sputum production, and breathing difficulty. Risk factors for COPD are smoking, indoor air pollution (biomass fuel used for cooking and heating), outdoor air pollution and occupational dust and chemicals (vapors, irritants, and fumes).
COPD is the fifth leading cause of death as per World Health Organisation 2002 reports and is likely to be the third leading cause by 2030. It is not only deaths, but the financial burden on individuals and countries is huge. Regular follow up with the doctor and taking medication assiduously is one essential part of dealing with COPD. The other part is constituted by Non-pharmacological interventions (Pulmonary rehabilitation) which are useful in the management of COPD.
Smoking cessation: This is vital, as it helps in a further decline of lung function and symptom improvement.
Diet: Those with high BMI (body mass index) increased work of breathing- should lose weight. Those with low BMI-with reduced muscle mass will have the weakness. Nutritional supplementation is advised.
Exercise- increasing muscle strength, breathing techniques – such as Pranayama are proven to be helpful.
Occupational safety: strategies aimed at reducing the burden of inhaled particles and gases.
Vaccination: Flu vaccination and pneumococcal vaccines help in reducing exacerbation of COPD.
Website: Gleneagles Global Hospital
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