by The Welthi Bureau | 06th October, 2018
Dr. Roya Rozati is an infertility expert with tremendous research in the field, and heads the Maternal Health and Research Trust in Hyderabad talks about how women must proactively preserve their fertility.
Did you know at birth a girl child has nearly 20 lakh eggs, the number is reduced to just 4 lakh eggs by the time she attains her teenage. Statistically, nearly 98% of women are fertile in their early twenties. Subsequently, the egg count falls every year thus increasing risk of infertility as a woman ages. While many women are able to conceive a baby naturally in their early years of marriage, some can't and some choose not to.
In today's age, most women some choose to be performers beyond household chores, breaking stereotypes of childbearing immediately after marriage, prioritizing work and career.
Sometimes constrained by personal decisions, financial constraints or career preferences, many choose to start a family at a later point in life. Some women are just 'not yet ready to start a family'.
In such scenarios, it becomes imperative to preserve fertility before it is lost and pauses the biological clock by preserving one's ability to become a mother. In simpler terms, it means using the advancements of medical science and fast evolving technology to pause-play your motherhood dreams or choices.
There are the plethora of ways to preserve fertility. One of the most effective ways is preserving eggs or even embryos so they can be used at a later stage for childbearing. By preserving reproductive tissues or eggs, fertility experts and specialists can actually preserve your fertility and boost chances of pregnancy which usually seem to diminish with age.
Procedures like cryopreservation where eggs are frozen under medical supervision and thawed for use when required are also available. This process known as vitrification of oocytes can help a woman postpone her motherhood. In simple terms, it is also known as egg freezing and requires extraction of woman's eggs and storing them under controlled cold conditions without allowing the formation of ice crystals using cryopreservation methods. The frozen egg is later used for injecting sperm using techniques like Invitro Fertilization, popularly known as IVF and ICSI.
This process is more like pausing motherhood by freezing your eggs and resuming it when you are ready for motherhood. The chances of successful live birth are inversely proportional to the age at which the eggs are extracted for cryopreservation. For instance, the chances are higher for a woman whose eggs were extracted in the early twenties than for a woman whose eggs were extracted at the age of 40.
However, techniques and procedures vary from a woman to woman and are influenced by quite a few variables including age, lifestyle, hormonal condition, state of fertility. Women who undergo medical treatment for cancer, have recently had an ovarian surgery, or choose to pause their motherhood for one or the other reasons may benefit from these procedures. However, each woman may require a different treatment or procedure as there are many variables involved, so preservation procedures and methods may significantly vary.
Even for couples struggling to conceive, thanks to medical advancements there are proven ways to cure infertility, a condition that is fast picking up among women with a sedentary lifestyle, while the condition may also be genetic. However, many couples are incognizant about available fertility treatments for curing infertility or knowledge about advancements in childbearing practices.
It is always better to consult your healthcare practitioner and more specifically a fertility specialist to find the best options for you.
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