Flower

Every 7 Minutes Cervical Cancer Kills One Woman

by The Welthi Bureau | 07 FEB 2018

every 7 minutes cervical cancer kills one woman
 Image used for representational purpose only

Dr Satinder Kaur, CORE Diagnostics talks in detail about cervical cancer in India.

 

 

Cervical cancer is a slow developing cancer that starts in the lining ofthe cervix which is the lower part of the uterus (womb).Worldwide, there are approximately half a million cases of cervical cancer annually and 85% of cases occur in low- and middle-income countries. It is the second most frequent cancer among Indian women with almost 122,844 new cases diagnosed every year. Every 7 minutes one woman dies of cervical cancer of which every fourth is an Indian.

 

 

Infection of the uterine cervix with the high-risk types of HPV is necessary for the development of cervical cancer. However, this infection alone is usually not sufficient to cause cancer and additional cofactors are required for progression. There are over 100 types of the virus. The types that cause genital warts are known as low-risk HPV types (most common type 6 and 8). The high-risk types cause cancer (type 16, 18 cause 70% of the cancers). The human papilloma virus is sexually transmitted, and the possibility of contact with it increases with the number of partners a woman or her partner has had. Through regular cervical screening, the changes caused by HPV can be picked up early and any treatment needed is simple and effective. Very rarely, these changes can go on to develop into CIN or cervical cancer if they are left untreated.

 

 

Other risk factors for cervical cancer are genital infections, early onset of sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, cigarette smoking, immuno-compromisedstate and low socioeconomic status.

 

 

 

Cancer of the cervix tends to occur during midlife. Half of the women diagnosed with the disease are between 35 and 55 years of age. It rarely affects women under age 20, and approximately 20 percent of diagnoses are made in women older than 65. For this reason, it is important for women to continue cervical cancer screening until at least the age of 70.

 

 

Precancerous cervical cell changes and early cancers of the cervix generally do not cause symptoms. For this reason, regular screening through Pap and HPV tests can help catch precancerous cell changes early and prevent the development of cervical cancer.

 

 

Possible symptoms of more advanced disease include :

 

 

Abnormal bleeding, such as

 

 

Bleeding between regular menstrual periods

 

 

Bleeding after sexual intercourse

 

 

Bleeding after douching

 

 

Bleeding after a pelvic exam

 

 

Bleeding after menopause

 

 

Pelvic pain not related to menstrual cycle

 

 

Heavy or unusual discharge that may be watery, thick, and possibly have a foul odor

 

 

Increased urinary frequency

 

 

Pain during urination

 

 

Once diagnosed with cervical cancer the patient should consult a gynaecologic oncologist to discuss treatment options. The treatments available are surgery or radiation with chemotherapy. Early stage disease can be treated by surgery. A woman may have the option of preserving her ability to have children and to keep her ovaries if diagnosed in very early stage. For advanced cases chemoradiation is the treatment of choice. When detected at an early stage, the 5-year survival rate for women with invasive cervical cancer is 91%. About 46% of women with cervical cancer are diagnosed at an early stage. If cervical cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 57%.

 

 

Cancer in cervix is a preventable cancer and to reduce the risk of cervical cancer, the following measures are recommended:

 

 

Vaccination against HPV: Vaccination is available for girls and women ages 9 to 26. The vaccine is most effective if given to girls before they become sexually active.

 

 

Pap test: Pap test can detect precancerous conditions of the cervix, so they can be monitored or treated in order to prevent cervical cancer. Most medical organizations suggest women begin routine Pap tests at age 21 and repeat them every three years.

 

 

HPV test: infection with Human Papilloma virus can be detected directly in place of cervical precancerous changes via pap smear. This test can be used in women over 30 years of age and is more sensitive than Pap smear. The interval of screening can be increased to five years if HPV test is negative.

 

 

Practice safe sex. Using a condom, having fewer sexual partners and delaying intercourse may reduce your risk of cervical cancer.

 

 

Don't smoke.

 

 

To conclude, cervical cancer is a preventable and treatable condition. Prevention via vaccination, early detection via Pap smear/HPV test and timely treatment can help in controlling the disease.

 

 

For Appointments : Dr Satinder Kaur, MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma - Advance Gynecological Endoscopy ,Oncologist, Delhi.


 Disclaimer: Welthi.com does not guarantee any specific results as a result of the procedures mentioned here, and the results may vary from person to person. Read more
Adulteration taking the ‘spice’ out of your life

Adulteration taking the ‘spice’ out of your ...

Neha Gupta is a Registered Dietician, Certified Nu...
Promote cadaver donation

Promote cadaver donation

Every year, over 16,000 patients across Andhra Pra...
Pay heed to Interstitial Lung Disease

Pay heed to Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a vast category...
Glow with good health the Greek Yogurt way !

Glow with good health the Greek Yogurt way !

Greek Gods. Greek Tragedies. There’s another fam...
Block chain Technology for health services : Healthureum

Block chain Technology for health services : ...

A platform to consolidate all consumers’ medical...
Helping traditional pharmacy stores go digital

Helping traditional pharmacy stores go digital

Bengaluru headquartered Tarnea Technologies is fur...
Fall in Love With Yourself This Valentine's Day

Fall in Love With Yourself This Valentine's Day

Come February and the chants of ‘lovey-dovey’ ...
Eyes show you the world

Eyes show you the world

With increasing rate of air pollution, the ways it...
Obesity A Realty Check

Obesity A Realty Check

Dr. Ravi Sankar Erukulapati,Senior Endocrinologist...
Run for cancer awareness by Yashoda Hosptials

Run for cancer awareness by Yashoda Hosptials

More than 6,000 enthusiastic people have participa...
Healthcare receives major limelight in General Budget 2018-19

Healthcare receives major limelight in General ...

Healthcare has been a core segment in every develo...
To fight chikungunya keep mosquitoes at bay

To fight chikungunya keep mosquitoes at bay

To fight chikungunya keep mosquitoes at bay...