by Marshaneil Soumi D’ Rozario | 28 Jun 2018
Pregnancy is well recognized for behavior modification and is no longer considered a condition for confinement. For the first time, the recommendation suggests a possible role for exercise in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes. Dancing can be a great stress buster during pregnancy, which can help you to remain flexible while toning your muscles. It is a perfect escape route for those who hate hitting the gym but enjoy the dance. In this regard, let us know more details from Dr. Aruna Kalra, who is a Director and Senior Gynecologist Surgeon from CK Birla Hospital.
“The health benefits of physical activity are well recognized. Conversely, sedentary habits and low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are leading risk factors for subsequent development of cardiovascular disease. After the first trimester, the supine position (means lying horizontally with the face and torso facing up) results in relative obstruction of venous return and therefore decreased cardiac output. For this reason, the supine position should be avoided as much as possible during rest and exercise. In addition, motionless standing is associated with a significant decrease in cardiac output, thus this position should be avoided. During prolonged exercise, loss of fluid as sweat may alter heat dissipation. Therefore maintenance of rehydration and blood volume is critical to heat balance", says Dr. Aruna Kalra.
The exercise prescription for the development and maintenance of fitness in non-pregnant women consists of activities to improve cardiorespiratory (aerobic exercise) and musculoskeletal (resistive exercise) status. Aerobic exercises include activities that use large muscle groups in a continuous rhythmic manner—for example, activities such as walking, hiking, jogging/running, aerobic dance, swimming, cycling, rowing, cross-country skiing, skating, dancing, and rope skipping. Because control of exercise within rather precise limits is often desirable at the beginning of an exercise, the most easily quantified activities such as walking or stationary cycling are particularly useful. Dance therapy is also recommended by some, nevertheless only after doctor’s approval.
Few changes are required to the dance routine to accommodate your growing belly. These may include:
Marching instead of jumping
Steps in place of leaps
Amended twists and turns
Keeping one foot on the ground at all times
There is no data to support the restriction of pregnant women from participating in some specific activities, although these activities carry more risk than others such as scuba diving and exertion in the supine position.
She suggests that activities, which increase the risk of falls such as skiing or those that may result in excessive joint stress, such as jogging and tennis should include cautionary advice for most pregnant women, but evaluated on an individual basis with consideration for individual abilities. Pregnant women with diabetes, morbid obesity or chronic hypertension should have individualized exercise prescription. Despite the fact that pregnancy is associated with profound anatomical and physiological changes, exercise has minimal risks and confirmed benefits for most women.
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