by Zareen Afridi | 11TH September, 2018
Cancer is a disease that is caused when old cells in the body don't die and new cells outgrow them, causing a mass of tissues in any part of your body. This mass of tissue is called a tumor. Estimatedly, over 8.2 million deaths occurred in the year 2012 alone, where the disease was not rectified or properly treated.
The chances of surviving cancer depend on what stage is it diagnosed, if at all. Mostly people start to realize they are rectified with this ill-fated disease when it is almost too late, which puts life at stake.
A breakthrough innovation by the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia has done some brilliant research work in this sphere. Since the major causes of cancer death is in its being diagnosed at very later stage, the scientists have developed a simple blood test technique that can identify if the person is infected with cancer or not. The test also determines if the person is at stage one, two, three or four.
It is a simple finger blood prick test that tests the level of RNA which is a main component of DNA in a human body. This simple blood test checks the level of nanoparticles in RNA which tells if the sample has cancer-causing agents or not. RNA stands for Ribonucleic Acid which synthesizes proteins in the body. If the activity of this RNA is found disturbing or very low levels of microRNA in the blood suggest the patient may have cancer. The University has done outstanding research with the help of nanoparticles, photovoltaic cells, and quantum computing. Professor Justin Gooding of UNSW says that this method takes much lesser time than the present conventional methods.
The paper published in Nature Nanotechnology reveals that the main reason this method is effective is that it requires only a minuscule amount of blood sample.
A template DNA blueprint is matched with the microRNA that reveals deformities or abnormalities. This new method of detecting cancer is not only quicker but also much cheaper. It can benefit a lot of patients battling with this disease.
Professor Gooding further adds that this method will take up to three years to be able to commercialize and on paper. UNSW is a top university of Australia
that has been ranked 45 in the QS ranking in the world. It further aims to improvise this technique by trying to detect which cancer is the person
infected with. Within the years to come, the chances of cancer deaths is bound to decrease with these modern innovations.
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