by Zareen Afridi
The most comprehensive worldwide study, known as The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) analyses mortality and morbidity rate from various major disease factors, injuries and issues at the global, national and regional aspects. The GBD has been examining health trends since 1990 till present and has drawn various comparisons across diversities in the world. Many health challenges that people are facing have come into limelight and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are designed to tackle the issues.
The GBD Report of 2016 was published in the international journal, The Lancet. The report is composed of five peer-reviewed papers and provides in-depth analysis of key issues like life expectancy and mortality, death causes, overall disease burden, years lived with disability and factors leading to loss of health.
The Global Burden of Disease report shows Indian specific data such as:
Out of the top 10 causes of death in India, 7 are from Non-Communicable Diseases or injuries and has affected people of all age groups
In the age group of 10-24 years, the biggest cause of death is Self Harm
Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease are attributed as the growing reason of death in the last decade
NCD’s took a toll on over 6 million people in India with the leading cause of mortality as Ischemic heart Dr. Vivekanand Jha, Executive Director, the George Institute for Global Health says that the growth of NCD’s in causing death has affected not just the health but also the economy of the country. Dr. Jha points that this data can be useful in framing the course of action to meet Sustainable Development Goals. Chronic kidney disease is the 9th cause of death in India which is a result of negligence in meeting the SDG. This is the time to pay heed to tackle and alleviate such problems.
The GBD also sheds light on the major metabolic and behavioral risk factors leading to NCD’s in India. These include tobacco use, improper dietary habits, blood sugar, obesity and low physical activity. To lessen the burden for future, these issues need to be identified fast and early in program. Dr. Vivekanand Jha ads that the desired goals can be attained by creating awareness and educating the masses, primarily students.
The George Institute for Global Health seeks to improve lives of millions through its innovations and healthcare research. The Institute conducts experiments and research from time to time with the aim of changing current bad health practices and undertaken policies worldwide. The Institute has backed a position in the top 10 global institutes for impact from the last several years. It has it has partnered with over 60 national and International institutes like All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) - New Delhi, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)- Chandigarh, University of Hyderabad and affiliations with University of New South Wales, Oxford and Peking.
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